أغذية سحرية لزيادة ذكاء الأطفال والاطباء يقولون

 

 

هل يعاني طفلك مشاكل في الفهم والقدرة علي الاستيعاب؟هل لديه مشاكل في مستوي ذكائه؟ هل يعاني كثرة النسيان؟

مشاكل كثيرة متعددة ومتنوعة‏ ، يعانيها كثير من أطفالنا في هذه الأيام‏ ، لكن قبل أن نفكر في عرض الطفل علي الطبيب‏ ، عليك أولا الاطلاع علي الدراسة الجديدة التي نشرتها مجلة صحة الأطفال أخيرا والتي أكد فيها الباحثون أننا إذا أردنا أن يتمتع أطفالنا بذكاء خارق وعقل سليم‏ ، فكل ما علينا هو تقديم خمسة أنواع من الأطعمة لهم وهذه الأنواع سوف تساعد علي زيادة نسبة ذكائهم وحيويتهم‏.‏

وتأتي زبدة الفستق علي رأس القائمة لاحتوائها علي الدهون المسئولة عن زيادة النمو الذهني والمهارات الإدراكية‏,‏ ثم الحليب كامل الدسم الغني بالأحماض الدهنية والكوليسترول الذي يحتاجه الأطفال خاصة الذين لم يتجاوزوا السنتين‏.‏

ويري الباحثون أن الكوليسترول ضروري للأطفال في هذه المرحلة لدوره المهم في بناء وتنشيط الخلايا العصبية والدماغية‏ ، كما يساعد في عزل خلايا الدماغ وبالتالي يقلل من وجود الدورات القصيرة في وظائف الاتصال‏.‏


وفي كتابها تغذية الأطفال والقدرات الذهنية تؤكد الدكتورة اليزابيث وارد أستاذة التغذية في جامعة كامبريدج أهمية البيض في تغذية الأطفال لغناه بالكوليسترول والبروتينات والعناصر الغذائية الضرورية للنمو مثل مادة الكولين الشبيهة يفيتامين ب والتي أثبتت الدراسات قدرتها علي تحسين التعلم والذاكرة‏.‏

كما ضمت قائمة الأطعمة المنشطة للذكاء السمك أيضا خاصة التونة لغناها بالأحماض الدهنية المتعددة واللازمة لسلامة العقل والجسم ، كما جاءت اللحوم الحمراء في القائمة أيضا لما تحتويه من كميات ضخمة من الحديد والبروتينات والألياف والفيتامينات وفيتامين ب‏12‏ على وجه الخصوص ومن جهة اخرى أكد الدكتور مدحت الزيات استشاري طب الأطفال وحديثي الولادة بالقصر العيني بضرورة تناول الأطفال أطعمة تحتوي على نسبة من الدهون والكوليسترول لأهميتهما الكبيرة جداً لذكاء الأطفال لاحتوائهما على "أوميجا3" الذي يتوفر بكثرة في اللوز وعين الجمل وسمك التونة.

وحذر الزيات من الاستعجال في فطام الطفل والبدء في تقديم أغذية الأطفال والخضراوات المسلوقة بدءا من الشهر الرابع، حيث إن ذلك يؤثر بالسلب على جهازه الهضمي، مشيراً إلى أن وزارة الصحة المصرية قامت بتغيير العمر المدون على أغذية الأطفال بدلا من أربعة أشهر إلى ستة أشهر.

وأوضح الزيات أن النشويات بأنواعها مهمة جداً لإعطاء طاقة أكبر كما أن البروتينات ضرورية لبناء جسم الطفل حيث إنه في حاجة إلى نسبة بروتينات أكثر ما يحتاجها البالغ، أيضا يجب الإكثار من تقديم الخضراوات للطفل في كل وجبة غذاء وعدم تعويده على الأطعمة الجافة التي يميل إليها لسهولة تناولها، فالخضراوات لازمة لإمداده بجميع الفيتامينات التي يحتاجها جسمه، كما تحمي القولون ولا تعرض الطفل للإصابة بالإمساك، كذلك لابد من تقديم ثمرة فاكهة كاملة بين الوجبات وعدم تبديلها بالعصائر.

http://www.kidworldmag.com/news.php?action=show&id=1537

Complementary and Alternative Medicine for children with ADHD

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is increasingly being used for children with ADHD.

 

CAM therapies focus on treating the patient holistically and individually, and aim to treat underlying etiologies.

 

Various commonly used CAM modalities will be discussed in the following  section 

 


Diet


Parents who are troubled with medicating their children are often more comfortable with the initiative of dietary interventions.

 

  Proper nutrition is essential for growing children, and children who eat a diet high in “junk food” in early childhood are more likely to exhibit hyperactivity  by age seven; this may reflect a long-term nutritional imbalance.


Regular meals and snacks are advised, consisting of low-glycemic index carbohydrates, proteins, and essential fatty acids.

 

Refined carbohydrates, sugars, and processed foods containing additives should be completely eliminated from the diet. When possible, organic fruits  and vegetables and free-range meats should be  consumed.

 

Vegetable proteins, such as soy, quinoa, and beans are beneficial, in terms of blood sugar control and avoidance of chemical and hormonal additives in meat products. Foods rich in EFAs, especially omega-3 fats, include cold-water fish  (e.g., salmon and sardines), walnuts, almonds,  pumpkin seeds, and flax seeds.

 

Evidence has shown the effectiveness of a restricted elimination diet (i.e., the “few foods” approach) in children with ADHD.

 

According to  parent ratings on both the Conners- and ADHD  Rating Scales in one study, 62 percent of ADHD  children showed at least 50-percent improvement  in behavior.


The children who followed the dietary intervention no longer met the DSM-IV criteria for ADHD.

This research further highlights that hypersensitivity to foods and additives may  exacerbate ADHD symptoms

 

 

Exercise Therapy


There is much evidence to show that physical exercise enhances brain activity and modulates neurotransmitter systems, thereby improving memory, concentration, learning, and mood.

 

  Regular exercise that is cognitively, socially, and  aerobically challenging offers the most benefit,  facilitating healthy cognitive development and  alleviating the symptoms of ADHD.



Supplementary Interventions
Essential Fatty Acids


Various studies have reported the benefits of EFA supplementation in varying dosages, for reducing anxiety, attention difficulties, and  behavioral problems in children.

 

In one  clinical trial, high daily doses of fish oil (8-16 g),  administered to ADHD children, produced a  significant improvement in behavior and attention,  as well as reduced hyperactivity and defiance. Daily EFA supplementation or eating foods that are rich in EFAs is recommended.


Vitamin B6 and Magnesium


Vitamin B6 facilitates the production of serotonin, and supplementation with vitamin B6 has been shown to increase serotonin levels and reduce hyperactivity in ADHD. In one study, 40 children with ADHD were given magnesium (6 mg/kg/d) and vitamin B6 (0.6 mg/kg/d) for eight weeks. 

 

Almost all ADHD children showed an improvement in clinical symptoms, namely hyperactivity,  hyperemotivity/aggressiveness, and inattention.  Clinical symptoms returned a few weeks after treatment was stopped.

Iron and Zinc


In a 12-week, double-blind study, children  supplemented with 150 mg of zinc sulfate showed  reductions in hyperactivity, impulsivity, and  impaired socialization.


Supplementation with iron and zinc is only recommended in children who are deficient, and should preferably be in chelated  form (i.e., complexed with picolinic acid, amino  acids, or organic acids) for improved absorption.


Calcium/Magnesium


Calcium and magnesium work synergistically to  relax the nervous system; deficiency symptoms  include irritability, restlessness, fidgeting, muscle  cramps, and twitches. Magnesium supplementation has been shown to reduce excitability and improve concentration in children with low serum- and RBC magnesium levels.


Herbal Treatment


Certain herbal medicines, as shown in Table 3,  show promise in the treatment of ADHD; however,  very little research exists regarding their specific  use for this condition in children. Those herbs that may be potentially beneficial for ADHD are discussed below.


Table.1 Botanical Agents and their Mechanisms of Action in ADHD

 

 

Botanical Agent

Proposed Mechanism of Action

Rhodiola (Rhodiola rosea)

Neuroprotective; anti-fatigue and anxiolytic;

increases serotonin levels; has anti-depressant e­ffects; CNS-stimulating; increases cognitive function

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla)

Anxiolytic and mildly sedative

St John's Wort (Hypericum

perforatum)

Inhibits reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine

and dopamine; has anti-depressant activity;

reduces anxiety, restlessness and irritability

Valerian (Valeriana o­cinalis)

Calmative and antispasmodic; reduces anxiety,

restlessness and insomnia

Bacopa (Bacopa monniera)

Improves cognitive function: memory,

learning, concentration; also has anxiolytic

e­ffects

 

 

Rhodiola (Rhodiola rosea)

 

Various studies have revealed that Rhodiola exhibits an adaptogenic effect, is neuroprotective, and has CNS-stimulating activity. Rhodiola has been shown in rats to enhance the transport of serotonin precursors (tryptophan and 5-HTP) into the brain, thereby increasing serotonin levels.

 

Rhodiola also appears to inhibit acetylcholine esterase, the enzyme that degrades acetylcholine.

 

A number of clinical trials have demonstrated that Rhodiola extract has anti-fatigue and anti-anxiety effects that serve to increase mental performance and cognition (particularly the ability to concentrate) in adult subjects. Rhodiola also appears to be useful for generalized anxiety disorder, as well as mild-to-moderate depression.

 

However, the use of Rhodiola in combination with conventional antidepressants should be medically supervised, as concurrent use may increase the risk of adverse effects.

 

General lack of side effects in the course of clinical trials makes it potentially  attractive for use as a safe medication; however, no  trials have been conducted on children with ADHD.

 

Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla)

 

This plant, belonging to the Compositae family, has known carminative and mild sedative properties and has traditionally been prescribed for restlessness and nervous irritability in children.

 

 While generally considered safe, allergies to plants of the Compositae family may predispose to atopic reactions and anaphylaxis.

 

This is, however, extremely rare, and this risk is diminished if using an ethanolic tincture, as the alcohol in the extract denatures the proteins responsible for allergic reactions.

 

St. John’s Wort (Hypericum perforatum)

 

Experimental studies suggest that St.  John’s wort is capable of inhibiting the  reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine, and  dopamine; many of its compounds appear to contribute to its antidepressant activity.

 

As a result, St. John’s wort offers an alternative option to conventional SSRI antidepressants for treating mild-to-moderate depression, even in children under the age of 12, and with few side effects.

 

The European Scientific Cooperative on Phytotherapy (ESCOP) recommends this herb for the treatment of restlessness, anxiety, and irritability.

 

In one small open trial, St.  John’s wort improved ADHD symptoms, according to the Conners Rating Scale. The use of St. John’s wort in combination with certain conventional medications is contraindicated and should therefore be used under  medical supervision.

 

Valerian (Valeriana officinalis)

 

Valerian acts primarily on the nervous system, with calmative and antispasmodic properties. It has been used for the treatment of anxiety and insomnia, and more recently for ADHD.

 

Valerenic acid, one of its key compounds, inhibits the breakdown of GABA in the CNS, making it an alternative option for disorders characterized by restlessness.

 

Although valerian is generally considered safe, there are no studies specifically evaluating its safety in children, and, to date, no controlled trials evaluating its use in treating  ADHD. ESCOP approves of the use of valerian for children ages 3-12 years, assuming medical supervision.

 

Bacopa (Bacopa monniera) Bacopa, an Ayurvedic herb, has been used for centuries as a brain tonic to promote higher cognitive functioning, with more recent research revealing its nootropic action (positive effects on memory, learning, and concentration).

 

In one study involving healthy subjects, the Bacopa (300 mg) group showed a significant improvement in speed of visual processing, learning rate, and memory consolidation, as well as reduced anxiety, when compared to the placebo group. Bacopa was most effective after a 12-week period of supplementation.

 

Another study conducted on children with ADHD revealed that Bacopa-treated patients (50 mg twice daily) showed significant improvements in memory and learning tasks over a 12-week period. Bacopa appears to be well tolerated, with few adverse effects.


Homeopathic Treatment

 

Homeopathy is increasingly becoming a sought after treatment option for ADHD. Homeopathy is a system of medicine which considers that each individual will both present and experience their illness characteristically and that there will be a specific medicine best suited to each individual.

 

This specific remedy is known as the similimum.

 

 Because not all children diagnosed with ADHD manifest symptoms of the condition in an identical manner, the task of the homeopathic practitioner, in treating with the homeopathic similimum, is to find this remedy based on the individual and  characteristic symptoms of the patient with ADHD.

 

The homeopath has to know all the patient’s symptoms – mental, emotional, general, or local.

 

All corresponding sensations, concomitants, alternating symptoms, as well as rare or peculiar characteristic manifestations of the patient and a personal medical history, are needed for the homeopathic prescription of the similimum remedy.

 

Mental and emotional symptoms are given priority in understanding the disease process of the sick, as well as symptoms that characterize the uniqueness of individual symptoms.

 

The philosophy of homeopathy thus implies treating the patient, not the disease.

 

Apart from the similimum remedy, many homeopaths make use of combination remedies, which are a complex of multiple, individual remedies that clinically relate to a particular condition.

 

These combination remedies are sometimes used as a substitute for similimum, or “constitutional,” prescribing.

 

Various research studies on both similimum and combination homeopathic treatment of children with ADHD have been conducted, many of which have shown success in their treatment regimens.

 

Strauss, in a study to determine the efficacy of Selenium Homaccord®, a homeopathic complex, in the management of ADHD, observed overall improvement in children’s symptoms.

 

A study conducted by Smith et al found that the homeopathic complexes, Cerebro® and Nerva 2®, reduced the symptoms of inattention and improved the scoring of the Conner’s Abbreviated Teacher Rating Scale in children with ADHD, ages 7-12 years.

 

White et al studied the effects of Valeriana officinalis in mother tincture (MT) and 3X potency and observed a significant improvement in ADHD children’s behavior while on the treatment, with no significant difference found between the MT and 3X potency.

 

Homeopathic complexes may provide symptomatic relief without any adverse effects; however, more research is required to verify these results.Several studies have been conducted on similimum treatment.

 

In 1997, Lamont conducted a double-blind, partial crossover study of 43 children with ADHD. Children were treated initially with either placebo or a similimum homeopathic remedy; after 10 days, the groups were switched. According to behavior rating scores by parents or caretakers, homeopathic treatment was found superior to placebo for reducing symptoms of hyperactivity.

 

A similimum research study by Barnard et al showed that 85 percent of the participants in the study group improved in  symptoms of ADHD on their homeopathic similimum remedy over the 12-week treatment period. Frei and Thurneysen carried out a study comparing  similimum homeopathic treatment (using LM  potencies, meaning a 1/50,000 dilution ratio) and Ritalin treatment.

 

Of the 115 participants, 75 percent responded sufficiently well to homeopathic treatment, 22 percent did not and needed Ritalin,  and three children did not respond to either treatment.

 

A Swiss randomized, double-blind,placebo-controlled, crossover trial by Frei et al set out to obtain scientific evidence of the effectiveness of homeopathy in ADHD treatment.

 

Each of the 83 children diagnosed with ADHD was individually prescribed homeopathic medication in LM  potency.

 

Sixty-two participants who responded  well to the treatment were considered eligible for  the study; these children were divided into two  groups and received either their similimum remedy for six weeks, followed by placebo for six weeks, or vice versa.

 

The results showed that the overall intensity of ADHD symptoms appeared lower during treatment compared to placebo and resulted in an improvement in the children’s social, emotional, and scholastic behavior.

 

 

Similimum therapy appears to offer benefits to ADHD sufferers.

 

Efficacy of the treatment, however, depends on the accuracy of the prescription.

 

Further research on the homeopathic treatment of ADHD is required in order to establish its efficacy and to develop future treatment protocols.

 

The full article you can read at:

 

Source: Complementary and Alternative Medical Therapies for Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).

 

By: Janice Pellow, M.Tech (Hom); Elizabeth M. Solomon, HD, ND, DO, BA;                                                

Candice N. Barnard, M.Tech (Hom), B.Phys.Ed

 

http://www.altmedrev.com/publications/16/4/323.pdf

 

 

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